By Larry W. Mays (auth.), L. Mays (eds.)
There is not any extra basic source than water. the foundation of all lifestyles, water is quick changing into a key factor in today’s international, in addition to a resource of clash. This attention-grabbing publication, which units out a few of the inventive tools wherein historic societies collected, transported and saved water, is a well timed book as overextraction and profligacy threaten the life of aquifers and watercourses that experience provided our wishes for millennia.
It presents an summary of the water applied sciences built through a couple of old civilizations, from these of Mesopotamia and the Indus valley to later societies similar to the Mycenaeans, Minoans, Persians, and the traditional Egyptians. in fact, no e-book on historical water applied sciences will be whole with out discussing the engineering feats of the Romans and Greeks, but in addition to masking those key civilizations, it additionally examines how historical American societies from the Hohokams to the Mayans and Incas husbanded their water provides. This surprisingly wide-ranging textual content may supply today’s parched international a few recommendations to the approaching situation in our water supply.
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Extra info for Ancient Water Technologies
The god with water flowing from his shoulders. Lower image: Akkadian cylinder seal (ca. ). The god seated on a stool and holding up a jar from which water spouts and falls. (Formerly in the private collection of Dr. )- who is depicted with a cascade of water emanating from his shoulders, or holding a vase from where water emerges, as shown in Fig. 2. Enki, as master of the fresh water is a creator god. It should not be overlooked that Enki is a wise god, always ready to help humans. Mankind was created to alleviate the gods from the hard work they had to do.
5. At what extent exercise tablets deal with real canal projects is hard to say, but probably they were basically examples used to train scribes. However, dimensions ‘probably correspond more or less to those of real irrigation ditches’ (Powell, 1988). Maintenance of canals was a continuous task. Major canals were supervised by high officials who reported directly to the king. Large gangs of workers were necessary to have the canals free of silt, demanding the removal of enormous amounts of mud.
2 Water Technology in Ancient Mesopotamia 37 Fig. 8 Shadufs. Upper image: Bass relief in Sennacherib’s palace, after Layard (1882, p. ). ) (Dalley, 1993; Dalley and Oleson, 2003). Another bass relief in Sennacherib’s palace shows water lifting by means of shadufs , zi-ri2 -gum2 , or , zi-ri2 -gum. Sum. zirigum, Akk. zir¯ıqu) (Fig. C. 7 When Ashurnasirpal II moved the capital of the Assyrian Empire from Assur to Kalhu he had to build a canal taking waters from the Upper Zab River to irrigate the fields and the palace gardens.
Ancient Water Technologies by Larry W. Mays (auth.), L. Mays (eds.)