Ancient Empires of the East: Herodotos I–III - download pdf or read online

By Archibald Henry Sayce (editor)

ISBN-10: 0511697317

ISBN-13: 9780511697319

ISBN-10: 1108010962

ISBN-13: 9781108010962

Archibald Henry Sayce (1845-1933) was once an influential orientalist and philologist. He used to be a pioneering Assyriologist and released largely at the historical past, faith, and literature of the Babylonian and Assyrian peoples. In 1891 he turned Professor of Assyriology at Oxford college. the traditional Empires of the East (1883) is Sayce's version, 'with Notes, Introductions and Appendices', of the 1st 3 books of The Histories through the fifth-century Greek historian Herodotus, which specialise in Egypt and Persia. In his preface Sayce states that because the box of oriental stories is 'growing day-to-day' it's the goal of his variation to 'take inventory of our latest wisdom' and 'see precisely what's the aspect to which our researches have introduced us'. even though his translation of Herodotus was once criticised on book because of inaccuracies, Sayce's acceptance as a very good populariser of oriental philology, heritage and tradition remained intact.

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3 Some of the MSS. give Aviovrat. here. Stephanus first restored 4WKO.. S-a to INTRODUCTION. xxxv The dialect used by Herodotos is known as New Ionic, to distinguish it from the Old Ionic of Homer, as well as the Middle Ionic represented by a few forms, also found in Homer, which stand midway between those of the Old and those of the New. Thus, for instance, the genitive of the o- declension in -ov, like 8rjfj,ov, must have been derived from the older genitive in -oto through an intermediate stage in which the semi-vowel was lost, leaving only the two o's, which afterwards coalesced into the diphthong -ou Examples of this intermediate form were first pointed out in Homer by Ahrens, who detected them in such passages as II.

1844), p. ; Abicht, Uebersicht iiber d. Her. JDiahkt, p. 32 ; Stein, Herodotos, p. ; Bredow, Quasstumum criticarum de dial. , p. 218. xxxviii INTRODUCTION. and y, not iy, is met with at Halikarnassos. Here, too", wefindOTTOV, not OKOV, which suggests that the labial found in Homer is not due to Attic influence, and that the guttural of Herodotos did not come from the dialect spoken in his birthplace. This raises the question whether we are justified in correcting the text of Herodotos in accordance with the evidence of the Ionic inscriptions of his age.

106. 5 See ii. 10, vii. 43. INTRODUCTION. xxxi history, accordingly, we may allow his statements the credibility that is usually claimed for them. His account of the nations on the western coast of Asia Minor stands on a somewhat different footing. The history of Lydia, if drawn from first-hand sources, must have rested on the authority of persons who spoke a different language from his own, but for reasons already alleged (p. xxiii) it is probable that this was not the case, and that he made use of Greek documents or traditions.

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Ancient Empires of the East: Herodotos I–III by Archibald Henry Sayce (editor)

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