By Ernest Furchtgott
I first met Ernest Furchtgott twenty-five years in the past after becoming a member of the school of the school of Social paintings on the collage of South Carolina. at the moment, Ernie chaired the dep. of Psychology. within the following 3 years we collaborated with a tutorial Committee on Gerontology in conceptualizing and shaping the University's certificates of Graduate examine in Gerontology software, guiding it to ultimate approval by way of the South Carolina fee on greater schooling. For 20 years we group taught our graduate-level direction, "Psychosocial techniques to Geron tology," related to colleagues from comparable disciplines. through the years, we tested and together graded hundreds of thousands of study posters ready through our graduate scholars in gerontology as their ultimate path requirement. a number of years in the past, Ernie officially retired from the collage. He in stantly agreed to my request that he proceed educating the psychology of getting older part of our interdisciplinary path. On campus approximately each day due to the fact retirement, Ernie usually telephoned to debate are cent article within the Gerontologist or a paper presentation that had ex pointed out him on the Gerontological Society's annual clinical assembly. He maintained a transparent presence within the educational community.
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It would seem that the reduced organismic reaction to the thyroid hormone is primarily a change in target-tissue functions (Fiorini, 1989). The extent to which various changes in thyroid functions are related to the existence of ageassociated non thyroidal illnesses is not easy to determine. At the same time, strict selection of experimental participants, presumably healthy elderly, has demonstrated that age-related changes in the thyroid do occur. The latter can contribute to the development of various diseases (Mariotti, Franceschi, Cossarizza, & Pinchera, 1995).
In her analysis of activation, a construct denoting motivation and emotion, 38 Chapter 2 Duffy (1962, p. 29) pointed out that cardiovascular measures often show predictable relationships to overt behavior. Studies on the role of the cardiovascular system in activation or affect were conducted in Wundt's laboratory over a century ago (1887). Cardiovascular diseases increase exponentially with age (Lakatta, 1985), and this confounds changes that can be attributed to aging per se. For a researcher, the task of selecting participants for a study by screening out persons with cardiovascular abnormalities is difficult, since in many people, the disease is occult, not easily detected.
More recently, Pietrini and Rapoport (1994) again summarized additional studies of ,CMR81cin older people. The reviewers noted, however, that in most studies, sensory inputs were not controlled, though animal studies have indicated that sensory stimulation affects CBF as well as CMRa2• Since many older individuals have pronounced sensory deficits, it is inappropriate to compare young persons who have relatively intact sensory inputs with older persons who have sensory deficits. They concluded that in healthy older persons, ,CBF, ,CMRa2 • and ,CMRgJc are minimally affected in the resting state, with changes probably not greater than about 12%.
Aging and Human Motivation by Ernest Furchtgott