By James W. Redhouse
The Ottoman Language is the main hugely polished department of the nice Turkish tongue, that is spokon, with dialectic diversifications, around the complete breadth, approximately, of the center zone of the continent of Asia, impinging into Europe, even, within the Ottoman provinces, and likewise, in Southern Russia, as much as the frontiers of the previous country of Poland. The Ottoman language is, in its grammar and vocabulary, essentially Turkish. It has, even though, followed, and maintains a growing number of to undertake, as required, an unlimited variety of Arabic, Porsian, and overseas phrases (Greek, Armenian, Slavonic, Hungarian, Italian, French, English, etc.), including using a number of the grammatical ideas of the Arabic and Porsian, that are given as Turkish principles within the following pages, their foundation being in every one case distinct. the good Turkish language, turkje, Ottoman and non-Ottoman, has been classed, via ecu writers as one of many " agglutinative" languages ; no longer inflTable of Contents Preface ; observe on identification of Alphabets xii; bankruptcy I Letters and ORTnooiurnr; part I quantity, Order, Forma, and Names of; Letters 1; Synopsis of Arabic, Greek, and Latin; Letters four; ? II Phonetic Values of Letters, Vowel-Points, Orthographic indicators, Transliteration, Ottoman Euphony 15; bankruptcy IL Ottoman Accidence; part I Nouns great fifty one; ? II Nouns Adjective GS; ? III Numerals seventy four; , IV Pronouns eighty two; vi; desk of contents; part V Demonstratives 8b; ? VI Interrogatives 89; ? VII Relative Pronouns ninety; ? VIIIDerivation of Verbs ninety two; (Table) ninety four; ? IX Conjugation of Verbs ; Moods; Tenses ;; Participles; Verbal Nouns; Gerunds ninety nine; ? X Numbers aiul Tersons a hundred and fifteen ? XI complicated different types of Verbs , 119; ? XII First advanced classification one hundred twenty ? XIII moment ? ? one hundred twenty five; ? XIV 3rd ? 129; ? XV mixed (Turkish) Conjugation 133; ? XVI detrimental and Impotential Conjugations , one hundred thirty five; ? XVII Dubitative, power, and Facile Verbs 141; ? XVII I Verb significant a hundred and forty four; ?
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Additional resources for A Simplified Grammar of the Ottoman-Turkish Language (Classic Reprint)
19. A. Hamdani, ‘A possible Fatimid background to the battle of Manzikert’, Ankara Üniv. D. T. C. Fakültesi Tarih Aras¸tırmalar Dergisi VI (1972), 1–39; Hamdani, ‘Byzantine-Fatimid relations before the battle of Manzikert’, Byzantine Studies II/2 (1974), 169–79. 20. Hamdani, ‘Fatimid background’, 26–30. 21. Ibn al- Adim, Zubdat al-h . alab, ed. S. Dahan, Damascus, . alab fı¯ ta rı¯ kh H 1954, ii, 11–13; cf. S. Zakkar, The emirate of Aleppo 1004–1094, Beirut, 1971, 173. 22. , 176. 23. , 177. 24.
42. 43. 44. 23 S. Vryonis, Jr, New Rochelle, 1992, 125–40; Vryonis, ‘The Greek and the Arabic sources on the eight-day captivity of the emperor Romanus IV in the camp of the sultan Alp Arslan after the battle of Mantzikert’, in Novum Milennium (sic). Studies on Byzantine history and culture dedicated to Paul Speck, eds C. Sode and S. Takacs, Aldershot, 2000, 439–50; C. Cahen. ‘The Turkish invasions: the Selchükids’, in A History of the Crusades, I, ed. M. W. Baldwin, general ed. K. M. Setton, Madison, Milwaukee and London, 1969, 148–9; P.
He mentions the day of the week when the battle took place as Wednesday,86 but he presents Alp Arslan as preparing to advance on the Friday. What happened in the intervening period is not covered. A precise place for the battle – al-Rahwa – is given and the varied ethnic composition of the Byzantine army is mentioned. Once again much emphasis is placed on the impressive military impedimenta of the Byzantine emperor. It is interesting to note that Alp Arslan’s elite troops had two horses each – a detail which is picked up in some later accounts.
A Simplified Grammar of the Ottoman-Turkish Language (Classic Reprint) by James W. Redhouse