By Kenneth M. Setton, Norman P. Zacour, Harry W. Hazard
The six volumes of A heritage of the Crusades will stand because the definitive historical past of the Crusades, spanning 5 centuries, encompassing Jewish, Moslem, and Christian views, and containing a wealth of data and research of the heritage, politics, economics, and tradition of the medieval global.
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Additional resources for A History of the Crusades, Volume V: The impact of the crusades on the Near East
See above, p. 24. 91. 1bn-abi-U~aibi'ah, 'Uyun, II, 112. 92. 432. 93. lbn-abi-U~bi'ah, 'Uy~n. II, US- 116. 94. , p. 117. ' .. 26 A BISI'ORY OF THE C RUSADES v mors of the body, and familiar with the various diseases to which man is susceptible and with the medicines which should be prescribed for each. Similar conditions were requi red of oculists (sing. lilq (d. 873). Bone-setters were required to know the exact number of bones in the human body and the shape and form of each. " The tradition of caring for the sick in hospitals supported by endowments, which goes back to the ninth century, was continued, especially by the two Zengids and Saladin.
Cairo. H. 1317-1320 [1899/ 1900-1902131>. 69. Ocorae Sarton, Introduction to th~ History Q/ Science, IH (Baltimore. 1931), 249. Ch. I ARAB CULTURE IN THE TWELFTH CENTUilY 21 ing danger had to be taken not only in the field of religious thought but also in that of religious organization. Inspired partly by Christian monasticism and partly by the two great military religious orders of the crusades, the Templars and the HospitaUers, Islam, which had no priesthood and no monasticism, forged their counterparts in selfperpetuating corporations organized by prominent Silfis.
11·1, 204. 75. , 11-1, 296, 400-401. 22 A IDSTORY OF THE CRUSADES v treatise of Apollonius on conics, based on the ninth-century translation of the work by Thabit ibn-Qurrah (d. 901). In physics and technology the twelfth century was not Jacking in skill. Abii-1-Fatl} 'Abd-ar-Ralpnan al-Khazini, who flourished during the first quarter of the century, was the author of the Sinjari astronomical tables, which gave the positions of the stars for the year lllS-1116, and the latitude of the city of Merv.
A History of the Crusades, Volume V: The impact of the crusades on the Near East by Kenneth M. Setton, Norman P. Zacour, Harry W. Hazard