Download e-book for kindle: A History of the Crusades, Volume I: The First Hundred Years by Kenneth M. Setton, Marshall W. Baldwin

By Kenneth M. Setton, Marshall W. Baldwin

ISBN-10: 0299048349

ISBN-13: 9780299048341

The six volumes of A historical past of the Crusades will stand because the definitive historical past of the Crusades, spanning 5 centuries, encompassing Jewish, Moslem, and Christian views, and containing a wealth of data and research of the background, politics, economics, and tradition of the medieval global.

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64 The Lion and Sun motif would become the major flag of Iran. It can be seen portrayed by Ja’far ibn Mohammad Abū Ma’shar al-Balkh as early as AD 850, just two centuries after the fall of the Sassanians. 66 The tradition of weapons manufacturing on the Iranian plateau has spanned thousands of years. Iran’s military technology has had a symbiotic relationship with developments in Central Asia, China, the Caucasus, the Indian subcontinent, Mesopotamia and Anatolia. The Iranians were especially adept at crafting traditional weapons such as swords, blade weapons, spears, archery equipment, maces, battleaxes, and armor.

6 He was correct, as Div Sultan of the Romlu could not spare troops to assist Herat due to his military preoccupation with his rivals. Fortunately, Herat held out and Obeidollah Khan withdrew. Tahmasp succeeded in organizing a military response against the second Uzbek attack in 1528. 7 A very bitter battle occurred at Jaam on September 24, 1528, in which Tahmasp personally took part. 8 The Uzbeks mainly relied on their excellent archery skills during the battle. 11 Tahmasp was unable to continue the fight against the Uzbeks as he was forced to turn west to defeat an Ottoman-linked rebellion at Baghdad led by Zulfaqar Khan Mausillu Torkaman.

There were also a number of mobile workshops capable of producing cannon at military camps during campaigns. Provincial and tribal units were composed of both infantry and cavalry units but were clearly delineated from the regular and standing forces during Shah Abbas’ reforms. The costs of THE SAFAVIDS: The evolution of Safavid armies 33 maintaining local and tribal units were often incurred by the commanding khans. By the time of Safi II/Suleiman, Iran was (nominally) able to call on an impressive array of provincial contingents supported by local tribal forces from the following locales in the event of an emergency: Kandahar (12,000), Khorasan (20,000), Gilan and Mazandaran (15,000), Darband and Shirvan in the Caucasus (12,000), Azarbaijan (20,000), Yerevan in Armenia (12,000), Luristan (12,000), Susa in the southwest (15,000), south of Iran and Kerman (12,000).

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A History of the Crusades, Volume I: The First Hundred Years by Kenneth M. Setton, Marshall W. Baldwin

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