By Fahd al-Semmari
The significance of this assortment lies in its origins: for the 1st time, top Saudi Arabian historians have created a historical past of the Arabian Peninsula which analyzes that background from an inner Arabian point of view. The booklet explores the unique Bedouin payment of the area, the improvement of the most important city parts of Arabia in the course of the Umayyad interval, the socio-political and monetary advancements within the Hijad and Najd as much as the eighteenth century into the trendy period and the increase and improvement of the Saudi country. This ebook makes an enormous contribution to our figuring out of the historical past of the Arabian Peninusla, now not least since it offers a viewpoint from and a taste of its neighborhood origins.
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The poet Wahb ibn Abjar al-ʿIjlī, describing the battle of Jafra (69/688) between the Zubayrīs and the Umayyads, mentions some tribes related to Banū Ḥanīfa, and ultimately to Bakr ibn Wāʾil; these were Lujaym, Ibn Masmaʿ, Ḥanīfa and ʿIjl. This shows that Banū Ḥanīfa’s migration to and settlement in Basra increased constantly during the Umayyad period. Al-Farazdaq’s poetry makes many references to the large numbers of Banū Ḥanīfa in Basra in the Umayyad period. This is not surprising when we recall that Basra was one of the towns that received successive migrations beginning in the early years of the Rāshidī period.
83. Al-Iṣfahānī, Aghānī, IX, p. 34. Abū Yūsuf Yaʿqūb, Kitāb al-Kharāj, p. 76. Al-Iṣfahānī, Aghānī, III, p. 257. Aḥmad ibn Abī Yaʿqūb al-Yaʿqūbī, Kitāb al-Buldān (Najaf, 1957), p. 75. Al-Balādhurī, Futāḥ, p. 372. Abū Ja ʿfar ibn Ḥabīb al-Baghdādī, Kitāb al-muḥabbar (ed. ), p. 168. 84. Al-Ṫabarī, Tārīkh, III, p. 315; al-Iṣfahānī, Aghānī, III, p. 257. 85. Al-Iṣfahānī, Aghānī, III, p. 257. (The ‘ Ahl al-ʿĀliya’ refers to ‘the inhabitants of the high district’ of the Hijaz; see EI2, art. ‘Basra’. The Asāwira were of Persian origin, the Sayābija from Sind, the Ẓuṫṫ from north-west India.
101. , IV, p. 246. The modifications introduced by ʿUthmān ibn ʿAffān to the previous order established by ʿUmar ibn al-Khaṫṫāb stipulated that Basra should be responsible for conquests in Persia, Kirman and Isfahan, and Kufa for those in Isfahan, Azarbaijan and Rayy. See al-Ṫabarī, Tārīkh, IV, p. 137; Ibn Khayyāṫ, Tārīkh, I, p. 148. 102. Al-Balādhurī, Futūḥ, p. 329. ʿAlī (ibn Abī Ṫālib) adopted a measure 38 M IGRATIONS 103. 104. 105. 106. 107. 108. 109. 110. 111. 112. 113. 114. 115. 116. 117. 118.
A History of the Arabian Peninsula by Fahd al-Semmari